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What Are Knee Braces and What Do They Do?

What Are Knee Braces and What Do They Do?


The moment when babies start walking for the first time is unforgettable. Because for the first time they try to stand on their own feet. Running, walking, jumping are skills that almost every person has but do not appreciate. Running in the early morning with fresh air (with knee braces if you need to get it) is a great activity. I definitely recommend it. I take my walk every morning and then I drink the coffee I made in my coffee machine.  You should definitely try it both to be healthy and to start the day well.


While doing all these activities, many structures in our body work together. While the heart in the upper part of our body pumps blood throughout the body, the lungs send oxygen to the cells with clean air. The lower part of our body, the legs, knees, and feet, allows us to move. Our feet are also responsible for carrying all the weight of our bodies. Our knees are a structure that helps the ankles and hips to carry the body weight.

What is the Knee and What is its Structure?

The knee is the name given to the joint, the main function of which is to carry bodyweight (the first function is to stand in infants). Its structure is more flexible than other joints. The knee is divided into two as front and back regions. The anterior region is protected by the knee cap, called the patella. All surfaces inside the knee joint are covered with cartilage. The purpose of this is to provide high mobility and resistance to high weights. (Knee anatomy)

Cartilage; since it is a region without vein, blood supply, and nourishment, any deterioration in its structure may cause irreversible damage. The body weight is 1 time during walking, 3 times during stair climbing, 5 times during stair descending, 8 times load in positions such as sitting and kneeling by kneeling on the ground. 

Knee pain is a common complaint that people of all ages may be affected. But stress and immobility are among the biggest enemies of cartilage structures. Inactivity, which occurs especially after the ages of 45-50, causes pain in the knees. Since some knee pain is mild and easily overcome, they can be treated by applying physical therapy or by using knee braces. However, surgical intervention may be required in knees with severe pain. In this context, I will focus on knee pain that can be overcome by using knee braces. Let’s start.

What are knee braces?

Materials used for knee injuries and knee pain are called knee brace. Knee braces are also used to support the knee. For example, knee braces can be used when jogging or sequencing. Or there may be a pain in your knees. There are many reasons for this: wearing out knee ligaments over time, working in a job under difficult conditions for many years, calcification of the knees, etc.

Nobody wants to feel pain in your body after doing sports. Nobody wants pain, especially in feet and knees. What I am talking about here is not pain after fatigue, of course. I am talking about the pain that occurs while trying to sit, standing up, climbing the stairs. This type of pain is definitely the pain that needs to be treated with the advice of a doctor.

spring-loaded-brace (1)

So what are the protection levels of knee braces that should be used? I want to dwell on this a little bit.

Protection Levels of Knee Braces

Firms produce many and many types of knee braces. We can find many different products on the market in terms of price. The differences between them come from a number of reasons. The use of knee braces, the structure of the knee braces, the size of the knee braces and the protection capacity of the knee braces.

Protection levels of knee braces are divided into 4: Primary, Advanced, Maximum, Maximum +. Let’s take a closer look.

Primary Protection Level

Knee braces at this level are used for general purposes and to support the knees. They have a structure that should be used for minor pain and sprains. However, their most important advantage is that they have a very flexible structure. So you will tighten your knee less and be less annoyed.

Advanced Protection Level

Level 2 Braces offer more protection than Level 1, they are not flexible, but still allow a range of movements. Wipe supports and knee straps are good examples. You get mild to moderate knee support for ligament instability and tendinitis-related pain relief.

Maximum Protection Level

These knee braces, also called level 3, are the knee braces that offer the most knee support. They are designed to provide a high level of protection and support. In return, they offer much smaller movement possibilities.

Maximum + Protection Level

The last level is the knee braces that help relieve pain and provide the best support for moderate to severe pain and distress. Knee braces at this level can also be used for large-scale irregularities in the joints.

Types of Knee Braces

Manufacturers produce multiple types of knee braces. The reason for the high number of varieties is that each one is used for a different treatment. We can sort the knees in 5 different categories.

1. Knee Sleeves

With a sock-like structure, knee sleeves are the simplest of the knee braces. They can be easily worn and removed. They significantly support the strengthening of muscles and joints over time. 

2. Prophylactic Knee Braces

This type of knee pad is designed to protect your knee against any damage. They are usually produced for people who practice football and basketball sports.

3. Functional Knee Braces

They can be used to improve knee functions and support joints. Another production goal is to act as an important aid against knee injuries.

4. Postoperative or Rehabilitation Braces

Designed against seriously experienced knee injuries, these knee braces provide great support for both knee and leg ligaments. If it is used during the disability, a significant recovery is seen.

5. Unloader Knee Braces

These knee braces put pressure on the thigh bone to relieve stress in the knee joint. They are mostly recommended for those who have medial (inner part of the knee) compartment knee osteoarthritis.

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